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St. Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) is the largest marijuana producer in the Eastern Caribbean. As the European Union has phased out preferred access for its banana crop, marijuana has become one of the main sources of income and a safety net for many young men, in particular.

The national scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Malawi is based on a public health approach, with principles and practices borrowed from the successful DOTS tuberculosis control framework. During the first 6 years, the number of patients registered on treatment increased from 3,000 to >350,000 in both the public and private sectors.

The objective of this study was to determine extent of HIV conspiracy belief endorsement among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Pretoria, and assess whether endorsement of HIV conspiracy beliefs are associated with inconsistent condom use and never testing for HIV. A cross-sectional survey using respondent-driven sampling was conducted between February and August 2009.

The number of people receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) has increased considerably in recent years and is expected to continue to grow in the coming years. A major challenge is to maintain uninterrupted supplies of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs and prevent stock-outs.

By Rasschaert F, Pirard M, Philips MP, Atun R, Wouters E, Assefa Y, Criel B, Schouten EJ, Van Damme W.Journal of the International AIDS Society, July 6, 2011, vol. 14, suppl. 1:S3.Background: Global health initiatives have enabled the scale up of antiretroviral treatment (ART) over recent years.

Background: Recognition and referral of sick children to a facility where they can obtain appropriate treatment is critical for helping reduce child mortality. A well-functioning referral system and compliance by caretakers with referrals are essential.

Management Sciences for Health offers technical expertise and materials to assist countries to prepare and respond to severe pandemics and other disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes, and other challenges to health, social, and economic well-­‐being.

From 2000 to 2010, Rwanda implemented comprehensive health sector reforms to strengthen the public health system, with the aim of reducing maternal and newborn deaths in line with Millennium Development Goal 5, among many other improvements in national health.

The objective of this study was to implement a rapid assessment of the performance of four malaria control strategies (indoor spraying, insecticide-treated bed nets, timely diagnosis, and artemisinin-based combination therapy) using adequacy criteria. The assessment was carried out in five countries of the Amazon subregion (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, and Peru). Although ACT is the strategy with the better implementation in all countries, major gaps exist in implementation of the other three malaria control strategies in terms of technical criteria, coverage and quality desired. The countries must implement action plans to close the gaps in the various criteria and thereby improve the performance of the interventions. The assessment tools developed, based on adequacy criteria, are considered useful for a rapid assessment by malaria control authorities in the different countries.

Background Globally, the monitoring of prompt and effective treatment for malaria with artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) is conducted largely through household surveys. This measure; however, provides no information on case management processes at the health facility level.

Background Secondary infertility is a common, preventable but neglected reproductive health problem in resource-poor countries. This study examines the association of past sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV, bacterial vaginosis, and factors in the obstetric history with secondary infertility and their relative contributions to secondary infertility. Methods

Described here is the first population genetic study of Plasmodium malariae, the causative agent of quartan malaria. Although not as deadly as Plasmodium falciparum, P. malariae is more common than previously thought, and is frequently in sympatry and co-infection with P. falciparum, making its study increasingly important. This study compares the population parameters of the two species in two districts of Malawi with different malaria transmission patterns—one seasonal, one perennial—to explore the effects of transmission on population structures. The extent of similarity between P. falciparum and P. malariae population structure described by the high level of multiple infection, the lack of significant population differentiation or haplotype clustering, and lack of linkage disequilibrium is surprising given the differences in the biological features of these species that suggest a reduced potential for out-crossing and transmission in P. malariae. The absence of a rise in P. malariae MOI with increased transmission or a reduction in MOI with age could be explained by differences in the duration of infection or degree of immunity compared to P. falciparum.

This training guide and these tools were created as part of the USAID STOP AI project to help local leaders prepare their communities to respond to widespread disease outbreaks. For more information about any of the tools on this page, or to request a copy to be sent to you, please contact Lisa Stone at LStone@msh.org. Facilitator Guide (PDF, 4.8 MB) Pandemic Toolkit (PDF, 9.4 MB)

In Haiti, it is rare for men to choose to have a vasectomy. Many believe this method of family planning robs a man of his virility. Yet in 2009, Sagesse Exilus chose to have a vasectomy at Fermathe hospital.

Apegnon Akpene is a 20 year-old mother of three: four year-old Joseph, two year-old Romance and one month-old Akou Jacqueline.

Herbert Kaswa, a Medical Clinical Officer at the Family Life Education Program (FLEP) Busoga Diocese clinic, has been working in the medical field since 2001. When Herbert first started this work, the clinic was not fully functioning. The clinic offered only short‐term methods of family planning, such as birth control pills, due to lack of funding and inadequate training of staff.

Purpose: To improve maternal and child health by empowering people to take better care of their health, strengthening communities and local governments' health management capacity, and promoting healthy lifestyles. Tool description:

This workbook is used throughout the Virtual Municipal Pandemic Planning (VMPP) Program. The program is divided into a series of modules, and each module has a chapter in the workbook. This program will introduce participants to a set of tools to assist mayors and their municipal leadership teams in pandemic preparedness, response, and recovery efforts.

The Compendium can be searched by the following categories: technical area, region, country, target population, and type of practice (best practice or promising practice). You can narrow your results further by using the keyword search.

This tool, an interactive training DVD, is appropriate for advocating and training on family planning and maternal, neonatal, and child health, targeting primary and secondary facility level providers and trainers, as well as for community health workers.

UHC Forward consolidates information from hundreds of sources into a one-stop portal.

Managing Drug Supply (MDS) is the leading reference on how to manage essential medicines in developing countries. MDS was originally published in 1982. It was revised in 1997 with over 10,000 copies distributed in over 60 countries worldwide.

The first management book written specifically for family planning program managers, this award-winning handbook has become a standard text in management training courses around the world.A practical guide for managers of health and family planning programs, this handbook provides practical information on: planningcoordinationstaffingsupervisiontrainingmanagement informationcontraceptive logi

After approving malaria grants to certain countries, the Global Fund recognized that the recipients were facing problems implementing their programs as outlined in their project proposals.

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