Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention


In 2007, WHO/UNAIDS recommended that male circumcision be considered an important new intervention for HIV prevention, and that countries with a high HIV prevalence, low rates of male circumcision, and heterosexual epidemics should consider scaling up male circumcision as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention package. This technical brief presents: (1) The modest progress in the delivery of male circumcision services since 2007; (2) The rationale for this approach and current global policy guidance; (3) Regional experience and promising practices, including considerations for effective program implementation; and (4) Challenges to the scale-up of services at the individual, social, and structural levels.

This technical brief is part of a series of briefs on priority HIV prevention topics developed by MSH’s Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project (the BLC Project) and the Southern African Development Community. They were written based on insights gained from a review of the HIV prevention literature commissioned by the BLC Project in 2011, scientific developments presented at the XIX International AIDS Conference in July 2012, as well as recent World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS publications.