User experience Analysis of an eHealth System for Tuberculosis in Resource-constrained Settings: A Nine-country Comparison
Background: e-TB Manager, a web-based eHealth system has been successfully institutionalized in 10 resource-constrained countries that account for one-third of the world’s tuberculosis (TB) burden, but user experience has never been evaluated.
Methods: A cross-sectional, anonymous survey in eight unique languages based on the targeted countries. e-TB Manager users included nurses, doctors, pharmacists, statisticians/data officers, laboratory professionals/assistants, health workers, and administrators.
Results: With an 86.3% completion rate for all required questions, 1,511 completed responses were analyzed. Users had worked in TB programs for a median of five years and had used e-TB Manager for a median of two years. Overall, 60.2% of respondents were female, 65% were clustered in the age groups of 30–39 and 40–49 years old, and nearly half (49%) were using e-TB Manager at the district and sub-district levels of a country’s health system. Older respondents aged over 50, regardless of location and with at least 6 or more years of experience in public-sector TB programs, had higher mean satisfaction scores than did their younger counterparts. Overall, those who had used e-TB Manager for more than two years had significantly higher mean scores for the majority of the survey statements than did those who had used e-TB Manager for less than two years. Ukraine had significantly higher mean scores for finding patient information available in e-TB Manager and in its benefit in improving patient care compared to Brazil, Armenia, Nigeria, and Indonesia. Brazil and Ukraine differed significantly from five other countries in that they did not need additional training, thereby demonstrating their institutional capacity after more than five years of using e-TB Manager.
Conclusion: Although users gave high ratings to e-TB Manager in terms of helping to improve patient care, found it to be reliable, and were generally satisfied, there is need for a combination of refresher training and e-learning methodologies to keep pace with programmatic changes.