Strengthening Pharmaceutical Human Resources for Health in Afghanistan: Assessment and Strategic Framework Development

  • Wuliji, T.
  • Ehsan, J. A.
  • Wong, S.
  • Heidarzad, M. N.
  • Amarkhail, S.
  • Hakimyar, S.
  • Naimi, H. M.
  • Taban, Q.
  • Ayoubi, N.
  • Amini, K.
  • Ghowsi, Z.
  • Siddiqui, Z.
  • Wang, S.
  • Omari, Z.
  • Morris, M.

Prior to the efforts of the MoPH supported by the USAID Strengthening Pharmaceutical Systems Project (SPS) in September 2010, no comprehensive information existed regarding the density and distribution of pharmaceutical personnel providing pharmaceutical services, their competencies, and human resources issues. Competency development needs had not been systematically identified nor defined, training was often ad hoc, and there was a lack of follow up to evaluate training effectiveness. These gaps compromised the ability of the MoPH to identify the human resources needs, develop an evidence-based human resources plan, and apply strategies to strengthen the pharmaceutical human resources. The MoPH recognized the need to take a holistic and comprehensive view of the demand and supply of pharmaceutical human resources, identify relevant competencies required of pharmaceutical human resources to provide services, the existing competencies and gaps, then to determine whether what is being offered is adequately meeting the needs in the current workforce. The ministry used the evidence to develop a needs-based pharmaceutical human resources strategic framework to strengthen the pharmaceutical human resources. This technical report describes the aim and objectives of this activity, principles of the technical approach, and focuses on the assessment methods and process that led to the development of the pharmaceutical human resources strategic framework and concludes with a discussion of key issues and recommendations.