Reaching Vulnerable Populations in Afghanistan: Addressing TB among People Who Use Drugs

Afghanistan accounts for two-thirds of the global area under opium poppy cultivation and produces 70 percent of the world’s opiates. This has led to easy availability of opiates and opiate derivatives, such as heroin and methamphetamine, and has resulted in high rates of addiction to these substances. The co-morbidity between TB and drug use results in an increased risk of developing TB and worsens TB treatment outcomes. This technical brief describes Challenge TB's strategies, achievements, and lessons when working with people who use drugs in Afghanistan.