Resources

Results 326 - 350 of 1225

Integrated community case management (iCCM) has proven to be an effective strategy for expanding the provision of diarrhea, pneumonia, and malaria services and has been accepted as a key approach to meet Millennium Development Goal 4 on reducing child mortality by international donors and developing countries.

Integrated community case management (iCCM) has proven to be an effective strategy for expanding the treatment of diarrhea, pneumonia, and malaria, which are the leading causes of child mortality and result in nearly 44% of deaths worldwide in children under five years old. This report describes the results of the testing in Senegal.

This study, conducted in five rural districts in Afghanistan, used qualitative methods to explore traditional practices of women, families and communities related to maternal and newborn care, and sociocultural and health system issues that create access barriers. The traditional practices discussed include delayed bathing of mothers and delayed breastfeeding of infants, seclusion of women after childbirth, restricted maternal diet, and use of traditional home remedies and self-medication instead of care in health facilities to treat maternal and newborn conditions. This study also looked at community support structures, transportation and care-seeking behaviour for maternal and newborn problems which create access barriers. Sociocultural barriers to better maternal-newborn health include shame about utilisation of maternal and neonatal services, women's inability to seek care without being accompanied by a male relative, and care-seeking from mullahs for serious health concerns. This study also found a high level of post-partum depression. Targeted and more effective behaviour-change communication programmes are needed. This study presents a set of behaviour-change messages to reduce maternal and newborn mortality associated with births occurring at home in rural communities. This study recommends using religious leaders, trained health workers, family health action groups and radio to disseminate these messages.

On November 12, 2009, Uganda’s Honorable Minister of Health, Dr.

A guide to evaluate whether health information products and services meet the requirements needed to make them effective, used, and adapted by health care practitioners and policymakers in the field.

Background: Worldwide, there were 650,000 multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases in 2010, and in 2008 the World Health Organization estimated that 150,000 deaths occurred annually due to MDR-TB. Ethiopia is 15th among the 27 MDR-TB high-burden countries.

Increasing coverage of isoniazid preventive therapy and cotrimoxazole preventive therapy reduced risk of TB among HIV patients who started treatment. All people living with HIV should be screened for TB, but for patients who have advanced disease (WHO clinical stage III/IV, bedridden, and with hemoglobin level of 10 mg/dl), intensified screening is highly recommended during treatment follow-up.

A poster presented at the Union World Conference on Lung Health 2012 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 

A presentation delivered at the Union World Conference on Lung Health 2012 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  Presentation Outline Background ChallengestoimplementingTBservices Interventionsapplied Results and lessons learned Recommendations Conclusion   

Tuberculosis has been affecting humans since prehistoric times and the key to TB control may be just as old: people themselves. Putting people at the center of TB control efforts—building their capacity to manage TB efficiently and reaching those who are most vulnerable to TB—can make all the difference.

Performance-based financing is increasingly being applied in a variety of contexts, with the expectation that it can improve the performance of health systems. However, while there is a growing literature on implementation issues and effects on outputs, there has been relatively little focus on interactions between PBF and health systems and how these should be studied. This paper aims to contribute to filling that gap by developing a framework for assessing the interactions between PBF and health systems, focusing on low and middle income countries. In doing so, it elaborates a general framework for monitoring and evaluating health system reforms in general.

The Republic of South Sudan has faced a lot of challenges, such as a lack of infrastructure, human resources and an enormous burden of vector borne diseases including malaria. While a national malaria strategic plan 2006-2011 was developed, the vector control component has remained relatively weak.

The cost of scaling up the TB Control Program in Indonesia The economic burden of tuberculosis in Indonesia Policy options and levers for financing TB services in Indonesia Lessons learned from a global approach to strengthening monitoring and evaluation efforts in national TB programs

The HRH Action Framework is designed to assist governments and health managers to develop and implement strategies to achieve an effective and sustainable health workforce. By using a comprehensive approach, the Framework will help you address staff shortages, uneven distribution of staff, gaps in skills and competencies, low retention and poor motivation, among other challenges.

The Human Resources for Health Action Framework (HAF) was developed by representatives of multilateral and bilateral agencies, donors, partner countries, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and the academic community at a technical consultation in Washington, DC, on December 14–15, 2005. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S.

The Human Resource Management (HRM) Rapid Assessment Tool offers a method for assessing an organization’s human resource management system and how well it functions. This tool helps users to develop strategies to improve the human resource management system and make it as effective as possible. It is designed to be used in public and private health organizations.

A broken health system is a silent killer. It results in more illness and death despite the fact that the public health and medical knowledge exists to greatly reduce illness and save millions of lives every year, especially in developing countries. What is missing is the leadership capacity to ensure that the management systems are in place to apply and scale up this knowledge.

An Open Mind and a Hard Back: Conversations with African Women Leaders is a summary of interviews conducted with over a dozen women leaders from Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Mauritius, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Uganda, and Zambia.

INSIDE STORY tells the story of Kalu, a rising Kenyan footballer, who moves from rural Kenya to urban Johannesburg to follow his dream and support his family. His path becomes more challenging when he falls in love with the coach’s daughter Ify and subsequently finds out he is HIV-positive.

This quarterly bulletin provides information on the activities of the Integrated Health Systems Strengthening Project (IHSSP). Funded by USAID and led by Management Sciences for Health, IHSPP combines evidence-based approaches, proven service delivery strategies, and extensive public health expertise to support the Rwandan Ministry of Health in building its health system. In this issue:

Drawing on their experience in a range of developing countries, including 20 years of long-term experience in Afghanistan, Cambodia, Indonesia, and the Philippines, Steve and Cathy Solter identify 10 important lessons about assisting ministries of health Pursuing true country ownership for effective programs requires a long-term approach involving persistence, patience, keen understanding of counterparts’ perspective, deference, building of trust, focus on priorities, technical competence, and sustained optimism.

The Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) Cost Effectiveness Analysis Tool is a simple, user-friendly, generic tool that is allows countries to compare the cost-effectiveness of different MDR-TB diagnoses and treatment methods. The tool builds on previous studies about MDR-TB control cost-effectiveness and WHO guidelines on TB control costs and cost-effectiveness.

The themes emerging from this collection are straightforward and within our grasp. To be sure, there is an urgent need to strengthen earlier diagnosis of newborns to identify exposed and infected children and strategies for getting those children into HIV care and treatment services sooner than has been the norm.

Mobile health (mHealth) is the provision of health services and information via mobile and wireless technologies. The mobile phone has become ubiquitous in Africa, making mHealth an important tool with which to impact the health of Africans. When applied correctly, mHealth can make real contributions to improved health outcomes. 

Chronic diseases—including cancers, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and asthma—represent a rising health burden in developing countries. Of the 36-million annual chronic disease deaths, 80 percent occur in low- and middle-income countries. Eight million of these deaths are preventable through changes in lifestyle and access to quality, affordable health services.

Pages