Social Barriers to Antenatal Care and Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Services

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In Ethiopia, male-dominated gender dynamics and health care provider attitudes lead many women to avoid or not fully utilize antenatal care (ANC) and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services, creating barriers to women’s access to care and to interrupting vertical transmission of HIV. To identify the issues that hinder HIV-infected women’s acceptance of and access to HIV care and treatment, the Ethiopia Network for HIV/AIDS Treatment, Care, & Support (ENHAT-CS) program, a USAID initiative funded by PEPFAR, examined the needs and perceptions of health providers and HIV-infected clients at ENHAT-CS-supported health centers.