Around the world, millions of dollars have been allocated to fight HIV/AIDS. National programs need sound financial management skills to efficiently disburse these funds, while organizations implementing programs need to access funds, use them appropriately, and promptly demonstrate results.Just two years ago in Tanzania, hundreds of civil society organizations struggled to access funding for urgent HIV/AIDS activities.

In many developing countries, high HIV rates are over-burdening already fragile health systems. As these health sectors struggle to provide basic health services, they must now also make HIV/AIDS prevention, services, and care available. To contain the spread and minimize the impact of HIV/AIDS, several global initiatives are making large amounts of financial and medical resources available.

Approximately 300 million people worldwide are affected by malaria every year and more than one million of them die from the disease. In Africa, where almost all of the world's malaria cases occur, 30 million women become pregnant each year. For these women, malaria is a threat both to themselves and to their babies. Malaria among pregnant women contributes not only to more hospital visits and admissions, but in many cases results in anemia in pregnant women, premature deliveries, low birth-weight babies, and even death of unborn children.