September 2020

Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) struggle to reach and sustain universal health coverage (UHC) due to limited and inefficient allocation of resources. Their health systems are strained by a dual burden—continuing to manage infectious diseases, such as HIV, TB, and malaria, while responding to the prevalence growth of noncommunicable diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular conditions. COVID-19 is placing even more demands on already stretched resources. Systematic priority setting through the use of health technology assessment (HTA) is part of the policy ammunition at the disposal of those making such difficult distributional calls in these settings. 

A USAID MTaPS field consultant talks with a health worker at Marikina Valley Medical Center, Philippines. Photo credit: MSH staff

Originally published in Think Global Health

Half of all medical equipment in Bangladesh’s public health facilities—hospital beds, ventilators, nebulizers, refrigerators, and vehicles—goes unused. Meanwhile, in Uganda, ultrasound machines are overused for a small number of patients, while many in need go without. In Ukraine, about 40 percent of adults have had to borrow money or sell assets to afford medical treatment.