About 7.6 million children under age five die each year of preventable causers; 3 million — 40 percent — are newborns (under 28 days old). Ninety-nine percent of these occur in developing countries; three-quarters are mainly due to preventable causes such as neonatal conditions, pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, and measles. Many of these under-five deaths could be averted by known, affordable, low-technology interventions.
Any preventable child death is one too many.
Here are 10 important interventions for child survival --- a list that is by no means exhaustive:
Could keep 1.3 million infants from dying (including by preventing pneumonia)
Long-lasting, insecticide-treated bednets
Would save more than 500,000 children by preventing malaria
Vaccines, such as PCV, Hib, and rotavirus
Would help prevent common childhood illnesses, such as measles, and save children’s lives
Micronutrient supplements, such as vitamin A and zinc
Would fight malnutrition. (While not a direct cause of death, malnutrition contributes indirectly to more than one-third of these deaths.)