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Abstract The scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Malawi was based on a public health approach adapted to its resource-poor setting, with principles and practices borrowed from the successful tuberculosis control framework. From 2004 to 2015, the number of new patients started on ART increased from about 3,000 to over 820,000.

Abstract Purpose: Active surveillance pharmacovigilance systems better estimate the burden of adverse events (AEs) and can generate useful information on risk factors of AEs for more effective medicine use, especially in conjunction with introduction of new medicines and/or changes in treatment guidelines.

Abstract Introduction: Active surveillance pharmacovigilance is a systematic approach to medicine safety assessment and health systems strengthening, but has not been widely implemented in low- and middle-income countries.

Abstract Background: One of the main goals of the post-2015 global tuberculosis (TB) strategy is that no families affected by TB face catastrophic costs. We revised an existing TB patient cost measurement tool to specifically also measure multi-drug resistant (MDR) TB patients’ costs and applied it in Ethiopia, Indonesia and Kazakhstan.

Despite the growing international trend towards increased regional multilateralism, integration, and cooperation in health and other sectors, there is a limited body of literature examining the relationships, power dynamics, limitations, and strategic advantages of regional bodies.

The African continent has perhaps seen the most pronounced movement towards regionalism. In Africa’s health sector, regional bodies—such as regional economic communities and inter-governmental institutions, as well as regional professional associations and regional networks—have become active contributors to the development and health agendas over the last 10 to 15 years.

African regional organizations play critical roles in advancing health and development agendas. To enhance understanding of the contributions and role of regional bodies engaged in health in Africa, the African Strategies for Health (ASH) project reviewed the evidence on regionalization and the relationships, strategic advantages, and limitations of regional actors. 

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project strengthens the capacity of Nigeria's public private, and community sectors for sustainable HIV/AIDS and TB prevention, control, care and treatment integrated within the health system. This fact sheet shows the project's results in Kebbi State from October 2013 to July 2016.

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project strengthens the capacity of Nigeria's public private, and community sectors for sustainable HIV/AIDS and TB prevention, control, care and treatment integrated within the health system. This fact sheet shows project results nationwide from August 2009 to July 2016.

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project strengthens the capacity of Nigeria's public private, and community sectors for sustainable HIV/AIDS and TB prevention, control, care and treatment integrated within the health system. This fact sheet shows the project's results in Sokoto State from October 2013 to July 2016.

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project strengthens the capacity of Nigeria's public private, and community sectors for sustainable HIV/AIDS and TB prevention, control, care and treatment integrated within the health system. This fact sheet shows the project's results in Niger State from July 2009 to July 2016.

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project strengthens the capacity of Nigeria's public private, and community sectors for sustainable HIV/AIDS and TB prevention, control, care and treatment integrated within the health system. This fact sheet shows the project's results in Zamfara State from October 2013 to July 2016.

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project strengthens the capacity of Nigeria's public private, and community sectors for sustainable HIV/AIDS and TB prevention, control, care and treatment integrated within the health system. This fact sheet shows the project's results in Kwara State from July 2009 to July 2016.

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project is a seven-year project (2009-2016) funded by USAID and implemented by MSH in five Nigerian states: Niger, Kwara, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara.

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project is a seven-year project (2009-2016) funded by USAID and implemented by MSH in five Nigerian states: Niger, Kwara, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara.

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project is a seven-year project (2009-2016) funded by USAID and implemented by MSH in five Nigerian states: Niger, Kwara, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara.

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project is a seven-year project (2009-2016) funded by USAID and implemented by MSH in five Nigerian states: Niger, Kwara, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara.

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project is a seven-year project (2009-2016) funded by USAID and implemented by MSH in five Nigerian states: Niger, Kwara, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara.

The Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment (Pro-ACT) project is a seven-year project (2009-2016) funded by USAID and implemented by MSH in five Nigerian states: Niger, Kwara, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara.

From 2011–16, the HEAL TB project supported Ethiopia's Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) in Amhara and Oromia regions to improve comprehensive TB services, including finding and treating TB in children, adults, and special populations; expanding multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) diagnosis and treatment; integrating TB and HIV services; improving laboratory diagnostics and reporting; and s

While TB is a national and international priority, Ethiopia's high TB rates were not declining rapidly in the 2000s. From 2011-16, USAID funded a project to support the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) to dramatically improve TB services and outcomes in Oromia and Amhara Regions. Its formal name is "Help Ethiopia Address Low TB Performance," or HEAL-TB.

While TB is a national and international priority, Ethiopia's high TB rates were not declining rapidly in the 2000s. From 2011-16, USAID funded a project to support the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) to dramatically improve TB services and outcomes in Oromia and Amhara Regions. Its formal name is "Help Ethiopia Address Low TB Performance," or HEAL-TB.

While TB is a national and international priority, Ethiopia’s high TB rates were not declining rapidly in the 2000s. From 2011-16, USAID funded a project to support the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) to dramatically improve TB services and outcomes in Oromia and Amhara Regions. Its formal name is “Help Ethiopia Address Low TB Performance,” or HEAL-TB.

While TB is a national and international priority, Ethiopia's high TB rates were not declining rapidly in the 2000s. From 2011-16, USAID funded a project to support the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) to dramatically improve TB services and outcomes in Oromia and Amhara Regions. Its formal name is "Help Ethiopia Address Low TB Performance," or HEAL-TB.

While TB is a national and international priority, Ethiopia's high TB rates were not declining rapidly in the 2000s. From 2011-16, USAID funded a project to support the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) to dramatically improve TB services and outcomes in Oromia and Amhara Regions. Its formal name is "Help Ethiopia Address Low TB Performance," or HEAL-TB.

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