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A guide to evaluate whether health information products and services meet the requirements needed to make them effective, used, and adapted by health care practitioners and policymakers in the field.

Background: Worldwide, there were 650,000 multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases in 2010, and in 2008 the World Health Organization estimated that 150,000 deaths occurred annually due to MDR-TB. Ethiopia is 15th among the 27 MDR-TB high-burden countries.

Increasing coverage of isoniazid preventive therapy and cotrimoxazole preventive therapy reduced risk of TB among HIV patients who started treatment. All people living with HIV should be screened for TB, but for patients who have advanced disease (WHO clinical stage III/IV, bedridden, and with hemoglobin level of 10 mg/dl), intensified screening is highly recommended during treatment follow-up.

A poster presented at the Union World Conference on Lung Health 2012 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 

Tuberculosis has been affecting humans since prehistoric times and the key to TB control may be just as old: people themselves. Putting people at the center of TB control efforts—building their capacity to manage TB efficiently and reaching those who are most vulnerable to TB—can make all the difference.

Performance-based financing is increasingly being applied in a variety of contexts, with the expectation that it can improve the performance of health systems. However, while there is a growing literature on implementation issues and effects on outputs, there has been relatively little focus on interactions between PBF and health systems and how these should be studied. This paper aims to contribute to filling that gap by developing a framework for assessing the interactions between PBF and health systems, focusing on low and middle income countries. In doing so, it elaborates a general framework for monitoring and evaluating health system reforms in general.

The Republic of South Sudan has faced a lot of challenges, such as a lack of infrastructure, human resources and an enormous burden of vector borne diseases including malaria. While a national malaria strategic plan 2006-2011 was developed, the vector control component has remained relatively weak.

The cost of scaling up the TB Control Program in Indonesia The economic burden of tuberculosis in Indonesia Policy options and levers for financing TB services in Indonesia Lessons learned from a global approach to strengthening monitoring and evaluation efforts in national TB programs

Guide for Participants of the 3rd International Conference On Family Planning in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, NOV 12–15, 2013 

The HRH Action Framework is designed to assist governments and health managers to develop and implement strategies to achieve an effective and sustainable health workforce. By using a comprehensive approach, the Framework will help you address staff shortages, uneven distribution of staff, gaps in skills and competencies, low retention and poor motivation, among other challenges.

The Human Resources for Health Action Framework (HAF) was developed by representatives of multilateral and bilateral agencies, donors, partner countries, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and the academic community at a technical consultation in Washington, DC, on December 14–15, 2005. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S.

A broken health system is a silent killer. It results in more illness and death despite the fact that the public health and medical knowledge exists to greatly reduce illness and save millions of lives every year, especially in developing countries. What is missing is the leadership capacity to ensure that the management systems are in place to apply and scale up this knowledge.

An Open Mind and a Hard Back: Conversations with African Women Leaders is a summary of interviews conducted with over a dozen women leaders from Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Mauritius, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Uganda, and Zambia.

This quarterly bulletin provides information on the activities of the Integrated Health Systems Strengthening Project (IHSSP). Funded by USAID and led by Management Sciences for Health, IHSPP combines evidence-based approaches, proven service delivery strategies, and extensive public health expertise to support the Rwandan Ministry of Health in building its health system. In this issue:

Drawing on their experience in a range of developing countries, including 20 years of long-term experience in Afghanistan, Cambodia, Indonesia, and the Philippines, Steve and Cathy Solter identify 10 important lessons about assisting ministries of health Pursuing true country ownership for effective programs requires a long-term approach involving persistence, patience, keen understanding of counterparts’ perspective, deference, building of trust, focus on priorities, technical competence, and sustained optimism.

The Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) Cost Effectiveness Analysis Tool is a simple, user-friendly, generic tool that is allows countries to compare the cost-effectiveness of different MDR-TB diagnoses and treatment methods. The tool builds on previous studies about MDR-TB control cost-effectiveness and WHO guidelines on TB control costs and cost-effectiveness.

The themes emerging from this collection are straightforward and within our grasp. To be sure, there is an urgent need to strengthen earlier diagnosis of newborns to identify exposed and infected children and strategies for getting those children into HIV care and treatment services sooner than has been the norm.

Chronic diseases—including cancers, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and asthma—represent a rising health burden in developing countries. Of the 36-million annual chronic disease deaths, 80 percent occur in low- and middle-income countries. Eight million of these deaths are preventable through changes in lifestyle and access to quality, affordable health services.

The Ministry of Health’s Pharmacy Division and the Securing Ugandans’ Right to Essential Medicines (SURE) program developed the  Supervision, Performance Assessment, and Recognition Strategy (SPARS) to increase health workers’ ability to manage medicines through on- the-job training and support from a new cadre of Medicines Management Supervisors (MMS).

Ugandan daily newspaper, New Vision reports: Drug dealers and pharmacies have a two-year grace period to style up and meet the required good pharmaceutical practice or face closure.  This follows announcement by the health minister that all public sector pharmacies will be subjected to inspection just like the private sector.State minister for health in charge of general duties, Dr.

Prepared by the AIDSTAR-Two project, this technical brief presents the results of an extensive literature and tools review conducted in 2009 that identified critical needs in the area of capacity building, including improved monitoring and evaluation, increased focus on basing capacity building programs on assessment, and wider dissemination of tools and approaches.

Prepared by the USAID-funded AIDSTAR-Two project, this technical brief explores the types and causes of typical implementation challenges faced by local implementing organizations, and shares some promising practices and stories from the field that demonstrate the results of effective implementation of capacity building interventions by civil society organizations.

Prepared by the USAID-funded AIDSTAR-Two project, this technical brief discusses country ownership in the context of organizational capacity building in public institutions and civil society organizations in the health sector.

This technical brief developed by the AIDSTAR-Two project examines a specific cadre of health workers, child and youth care workers.

Santé pour le Développement et la Stabilité d’Haïti (SDSH) has helped over one million people receive HIV tests and learn their status. Every year SDSH made it possible for over 13,000 women to deliver their child with assistance from a facility- based, skilled provider, and has reached more than half a million children each year with nutrition services.

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