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The goal of this document is to provide practical guidance on commodity management issues related to establishing, managing, and scaling up voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) programs at both national and program levels.

UNAIDS estimates that about 2.6 million children (aged 0-14) were living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa at the end of the year 2001, and most of these HIV infections were a result of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. In the same year, about 11 million children aged 0-14 were orphans as a result of their parent or parents' AIDSrelated death.

Practices that enable work groups and organizations to face challenges and achieve results.  

This tool, developed in partnership with Stop TB/WHO and the World Bank, assists DOTS programs in identifying performance problems; underlying stakeholder motivations that may contribute to those problems; and potential incentives, enablers, and system improvements that can address motivational challenges. 

Primary Healthcare Revitalization, Integration and Decentralization in Earthquake-affected Areas (PRIDE) is a USAID-funded project to improve primary healthcare services and health outcomes in Bagh and Mansehra districts. PRIDE came into being in the aftermath of the earthquake that struck northern Pakistan on 8 October 2005, bringing devastation to a 30,000 sq. km.

Countries emerging from conflict have some of the worst health indicators in the world.About one-sixth of the world’s population lives in such countries, but these people suffer one-third of childhood and maternal deaths, and they endure a disproportionate burden of preventable diseases such as tuberculosis and malaria. Health is an issue that people can unite around.

The essential medicines concept has become an established approach in international public health – a vital component for combating HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, respiratory infections, other communicable diseases and the vast majority of non-communicable diseases. But the survival and global dissemination of the essential medicines concept were by no means assured at the outset.  

The progress made on the Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council (ZNFPC) Expanded Community-Based Distributor (CBD) Program during the period October 2002 to September 2003 was measured in terms of the following project indicators: Commodity distribution through the ZNFPC Pilot Program on Expanded CBD (with a focus on condom distribution)

This volume presents an overview of how countries emerging from years of conflict and disruption of the social fabric have tackled the sometimes thorny issues of rebuilding a health workforce. It presents strengths and pitfalls encountered. It highlights the challenges to newly emerging national authorities to bring together the still functioning elements of the national health system.

The Advance Africa program was successful in working around the highly sensitive issue of family planning methods in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Despite the religious barriers in their public health arena, MSH trained more than 280 health providers in five provinces where the project worked.

The Accelerating Contraceptive Use Project, funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, contributed to dramatic improvement in the acceptance of family planning in parts of Afghanistan. The use of injectable contraceptives, oral contraceptives, and condoms increased by an average of 15%, 4%, and 7%, respectively, over one year in locations in three provinces.

Through the Advance Africa program, MSH helped rebuild the family planning system of Huambo Province in Angola for 2.2 million people using a community-based approach. The number of contraceptive users increased from virtually none to nearly 45,000 in 18 months. Working with the Ministry of Health, MSH used the Strategic Mapping approach to identify family planning goals in Angola.  

MSH HA DESARROLLADO un enfoque para ayudar a los gerentes aactuar más como coaches, lo que ha dado buenos resultados en varios entornos diferentes. En Nicaragua, por ejemplo, el coaching se convirtió en un componente crucial del esfuerzo de la organización hacia el logro de la sustentabilidad financiera en momentos de crisis.

PRISM II provides the Ministry of Public Health with specialized technical assistance to integrate primary health care services and reproductive health into the country's national health care system. PRISM launched a leadership initiative in April 2002 with two Leadership Dialogue meetings in Conakry in collaboration with the MSH Management and Leadership Program.

MSH's 2007 annual report celebrates the remarkable evolution that has taken place in global health since the turn of the millennium, and we highlight some of the practical contributions MSH has made to support governments, service delivery NGOs, and other local organizations in that transition.

The Center for Leadership and Management at MSH builds human capacity, strong governance, and effective health systems to foster sustainable health improvements in developing countries. Working with a broad range of partners, we offer an extensive array of services. Support for good governance, including new business development and board effectiveness

In March 2006, with generous support from USAID and PEPFAR, MSH initiated performance-based funding for an Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) Project through the Integrated Primary Health Care (IPHC) Project. The OVC Project started with six home-based care (HBC) organizations based in four provinces of South Africa.

The Challenge Model is a simple learning tool for teams to use in the workplace to address real challenges and achieve results. Beginning with creating a shared vision, the Challenge Model creates motivation and commitment within teams enabling them to face their challenges and achieve results.

The HRH Action Framework is designed to assist governments and health managers to develop and implement strategies to achieve an effective and sustainable health workforce.

The dimensions of the Human Resource (HR) crisis in health have been reported in stark terms over the last few years. Despite rising attention to the acute shortage of health care workers, solutions to the human resource crisis are difficult to achieve, especially in the poorest countries.

MSH staff live and work in developing countries around the world. Since 1971, Management Sciences for Health (MSH), a nonprofit organization, has worked in more than 140 countries and with hundreds of organizations. Our 1,500 people from more than 60 nations work hard to be trusted partners to leaders, managers, and the staff of organizations of every size and scope.

Human resource management (HRM) is essential in any organization, critically so when public health crises and workforce shortages collide, as they now do in many parts of the developing world. This issue of The eManager provides an overview of HRM systems, policies, and procedures; the components within these areas; and the Human Resources for Health Action Framework.

The concept of good governance has gained prominence in development programs over the past decade. Good governance in the health sector and other sectors that have an impact on health is recognized as essential to achieving the Millennium Development Goals.

El concepto de buena gobernación ha adquirido cada vez más prominencia en los programas de desarrollo en el transcurso de la última década. La buena rectoría en el sector salud y en otros sectores que tiene un impacto sobre la salud es reconocida como un elemento esencial para lograr los Objetivos de desarrollo del milenio.

The Problem: In developing countries, the most accessible source of treatment for common conditions is often an informal drug shop, where drug sellers are untrained and operations are unmonitored.

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