Miriam, in Bamyan Province, Afghanistan, has three children—two other infants died within days of birth. She has just given birth to her sixth child. This time, however, it was different from the previous pregnancies. She and her female relatives had learned from the local female community health worker about the importance of keeping the baby warm. The old custom of bathing the baby right after birth to make the newborn clean was dangerous because the baby easily became cold and then sick.