Tajikistan

HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID) is a serious public health problem in Tajikistan and other Central Asian republics, yet relatively few studies have been conducted among PWID in Tajikistan and almost nothing is known about females who inject drugs. This presentation will examine gender differences in HIV status, injection risk behaviors and sex risk behaviors among PWID in Tajikistan.

This paper examines the needles and syringes that people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tajikistan use and factors that influence their choices. We conducted six focus groups in Kulob and six in Khorog, Tajikistan, with a total of 100 participants. Focus group topics included the needles and syringes used and factors that influence choice of needles and syringes. Most low dead space syringes are 1-ml insulin syringes with 12 mm 28 g permanently attached needles. Findings suggest that these will not be acceptable to PWID who need larger syringes and longer, thicker needles that are detachable. Low dead space detachable needles appear to be an acceptable option that could overcome barriers to the widespread use of low dead space equipment for reducing HIV and HCV transmission.

In this third special issue published by the International Journal of Drug Policy, the authors of ten research papers and commentaries seek to provide additional knowledge on a range of issues related to illicit drugs in the region, including the epidemiology of drug use and drug-related infectious diseases and other consequences, drug treatment and harm reduction pro

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